The financial instruments are perhaps the most complicated part of IFRS, and it’s a challenge for many audit firms in Dubai & UAE. In this article, Audit Firms in Dubai will guide you through the fundamentals of IFRS 7 and its reporting procedures. We shall reflect on the explanations and opinions herein and arrive at a solid conclusion for streamlined reporting on IFRS 7.
IFRS 7 requires companies in Dubai & UAE to disclose quantitative risk analysis, which is hard to find in places other than front-office trading desks. Interestingly, many auditors in Dubai don’t know where to start.
Notably, IFRS 7 features four quantitative areas of concern:
- Market Risk: A detailed summary of how changes in the business environment and markets in the future will affect assets.
- Liquidity Risk: Auditors need to evaluate when cash flow payments from illiquid assets are due.
- Credit Risk: When it comes to credit risk, there are higher chances businesses don’t see scheduled payments, which are essential to quantify.
- Concentration Risk: It is also essential to describe if we are exposed to certain geographies, companies, currencies, etc.
Before embarking on each requirement in detail, let us consider risk analysis. Risk is intangible yet practical and tangible. Usually, people feel potential danger and do their best to avoid the feeling.
Like any other risk, financial risk can not entirely be measured directly. Quantitative risk analyses are meant to approximate various risk feelings. When stakes are appropriately accounted for, it makes everything else smooth.
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Market Risk Analysis
To begin with, audit firms in Dubai are expected to create an overview of sensitivity analysis for the market risk factor. Discovering various risk factors is a work of art itself. However, the risks are often derived from the data required to value a security.
For instance, the market risk factors of a bond are its issuer’s interest rate and credit quality. Employee stock option is the underlying price and volatility of the cost. The sensitive analysis will shock these elements. The shock values will then be fed into the quantitative valuation models to determine a loss figure.
While this may sound easier theoretically, it demands a lot of care. Keep in mind that if the management of a company already uses other market risk measures, the internal auditors can leverage them too. The goal is to have a clear picture of corporate risk mitigation.
Many of the greatest minds have philosophized about liquidity, but no single agreed-upon definition exists. Luckily IFRS 7 makes this easy by defining it as a maturity analysis of current financial liabilities. This can be a straightforward bucketing by time to maturity or a duration analysis.
Duration is a calculation used to calculate the weighted average time of repayment, which is a more accurate measure. Internal auditors can calculate duration in a variety of ways. Still, care should be taken when figuring out complicated securities as there are many pitfalls.
Ever-topically, analytical credit risk measures are required for assets that have run into trouble or those without any other means to assess their credit quality. Luckily this is not difficult if we already have the quantitative models to calculate market and liquidity risk.
We are usually looking for a credit spread for each fixed income asset. We find this by jotting down the asset’s current fair value and then valuing it as if it were valued like a government bond.
The difference is the ‘Credit Value Adjustment’ or CVA. The larger the difference, the larger the credit difficulties, of course. With a suitable quantitative model, we can encapsulate this risk in a number called the credit spread.
Summarizing this information correctly is often an art rather than a science. Most of the time, for example, duration needs to be aggregated as a weighted average of each security’s current net present value—most of the time.
Once we summarize at the top level, we can also buckle our risk by more qualitative means. Are we exposed to a specific country, industry or currency more than is ideal? Apart from anything else, identifying these concentrations is sound management practice.
Glady, we auditors in Dubai have given you a taste of risk analysis and convinced you to take a bite. If you still need more understanding of this topic, you can hover through our blog section for a detailed explanation.
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Theshani is a Senior auditor and has experience of 4+ years in providing audit assurance and advisory services to a wide range of industry clients. She continues to stay on top of ever-changing industry dynamics by continuously learning and developing expertise.